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Titel Othello
Originaltitel: Otello
Genre: Drama
Directed: Sergei Yutkevich
Besetzung: Sergei Bondarchuk, Irina Skobtseva, Andrei Popov
Kommentar: Othello's Epilepsie Als Jago gegenüber Othello die Überzeugung ausspricht, Desdemona habe ihn mit Cassio betrogen, bekommt Othello einen epileptischen Anfall. Den hinzukommenden Cassio, dem er anvertraut, Othello habe Epilepsie und auch schon vorher Anfälle gehabt, schickt er weg. Othello sei in diesem Zustand extrem agressiv, teilt er ihm als Begründung mit. Desdemona scheint Jagos Ansicht zu teilen, wenn sie kurz vor dem Sterben ihrem Mörder zuflüstert: And yet I fear you; for you're fatal then When your eyes roll so . . . . Othello (Act V; 2; 37-38)[5] “Othello”-Versionen und -Modernisierungen Auswahl siehe auch Royal Shakespeare Company, http://www.rsc.org.uk/othello/teachers/film.html 1922: Dmitri Buchowetzki 1952: Orson Welles 1955: Sergei Yutkevich 1965: Stuart Burge 1978: Orson Welles, Filming Othello 1981: Franklin Melton 1981: Jonathan Miller 1992: Aida Ziablikova: Othello – The animated tales 1995: Oliver Parker Moderne Versionen von Othello A Double Life directed by George Cukor (1947); All Night Long directed by Michael Relph, Basil Deardon (1961); Catch My Soul directed by Patrick McGoohan (1974); O directed by Tim Blake Nelson (2000). Zur Aufführungsgeschichte: Othello war anfangs eines der am häufigsten gespielten Stzücke Shakespeare's. Im 18. Jahrhundert wurden Teile gestrochen, die seine Epilepsie betrafen: Although to a lesser extent than Shakespeare's other tragedies, Othello was cut, during the 1700s, to fit the expectations and style of the period. Any speeches that were considered offensive or obscure were cut to leave more time for extravagant spectacles, songs and dances. Eighteenth-century audiences wanted Othello to fit into the mould of traditional hero. Lines were cut to eliminate the coarser aspects of his character. Othello's discussion with Iago at the beginning of Act 4, concerning whether Desdemona and Cassio could be 'naked in bed... and not mean harm' [4.1.5] was removed. Othello's epileptic fit was also cut, being deemed, apparently, 'absurd' and unacceptable. Another significant omission was Desdemona's Willow Song: lines like 'If I court moe women, you'll couch with moe men' [4.3.54], being considered too unladylike to be sung by a Venetian aristocrat. David Garrick Considered the greatest actor of his age, David Garrick (1717-79) reinserted some of Shakespeare's text but his Othello was greeted with little enthusiasm. The actor and critic Charles Macklin (c.1700-97) disliked Garrick's restored text, claiming that he had only bothered with reinsertions such as the epileptic fit to try and prove himself a more versatile actor than James Quin, who was playing the role at the same time: 'When he was studying that Part, he considered that Quin was a large, corpulent man... therefore... could not fall suddenly to the ground... but he, with his insignificant person, could do it… and therefore reintroduced that shameful scene of epilepsy… which should have been exploded with indignation and contempt… for offering such an absurd passage to a thinking and judicious audience.' (Macklin Garrick's Lear and Othello from Memoirs in the Life of Charles Macklin, Esq. By James Thomas Kirkman) http://www.rsc.org.uk/othello/about/stage.html Literatur zu "Epilepsie bei Othello" John P. Emery, Ph.D.: Othello's Epilepsy, Psychoanalytic Review, 46 D, 1959, 30-32 http://www.pep-web.org/document.php?id=psar.046d.0030a Summary: The diagnosis of Othello's attack (IV-i. 35-80) as epilepsy which is climaxed by the folio stage direction, “Falls in a Traunce,” has long been accepted, but the significance and the imagery of the seizure have been neglected. It is true that in 1860 a doctor of medicine had objected: “Iago's designation of this [trance] as an epilepsy, of which it is the second fit, appears a mere falsehood.” However, by 1880, medical doctors and others all agreed that Othello has an attack of epilepsy. Shakespeare scientifically depicts Othello's trance. Its causes are natural and dramatically appropriate. Nineteenth-century members of the medical profession observe that Othello's very intense emotional state leads to his epileptic fit. 13 Contemporary doctors point out that “Emotional disturbances may be at fault” 7 in causing epilepsy and that mental agitation frequently precedes an epileptic seizure. 4 The incoherence of Othello's speech. Auszug aus: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/410682_4 Fogan[6] in 1989 described some of the features of the seizures Shakespeare describes. Othello has a seizure on stage, preceded by extreme emotional agitation, thus raising the issue of whether emotions can trigger seizures. After this seizure, Iago points out to Cassio that he should leave because, after lethargy and confusion, Othello will act "with savage madness." Finally, Shakespeare portrays Othello killing his wife while in a rage. Even Desdemona supports the idea that he must be in the midst of a seizure when she whispers while being strangled: And yet I fear you; for you're fatal then When your eyes roll so . . . . Othello (Act V; 2; 37-38)[5] This raises another interesting question: whether a person can commit a crime while having a seizure and, therefore, not be held responsible. Anm.: 6) Fogan L: The neurology in Shakespeare. Arch Neurol 1989; 46:922-924 Quelle: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/410682_4 The Epilepsy of Othello Lawson Journal of Mental Science.1880; 26: 1-11 http://bjp.rcpsych.org/cgi/pdf_extract/26/113/1 http://www.rsc.org.uk/othello/about/stage.html
Jahr: 1955
Veröffentlicht: 00.00.0000
Land: Russland

Der Kriegsheld Othello heiratet Desdemona. Voller Neid sucht Jago der beiden Glück zu zerstören. Er manipuliert Othello bis dieser seine Frau im Bunde mit seinem Kriegskameraden Cassius glaubt. Othello ermordet Desdemona und begeht, als er die Wahrheit erfährt, Selbstmord.

Epilepsie nur in der Vorlage

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